Interstitial cystitis (in-tur-STISH-ul sis-TIE-tis) or “IC” (also called painful bladder syndrome, or hyperactive bladder) is a chronic condition in which you experience bladder pressure, bladder pain, frequent urination, leakage of urine, and sometimes pelvic pain, ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain.
Your bladder is a hollow, muscular organ that stores urine. The bladder expands until it’s full and then signals your brain that it’s time to urinate, communicating through the pelvic nerves. This creates the urge to urinate for most people. With interstitial cystitis, these signals get mixed up and you feel the need to urinate more often and with smaller volumes of urine than most people.
Interstitial cystitis most often affects women and can have a long-lasting impact on quality of life. Although there’s no treatment that reliably eliminates interstitial cystitis, medications and other therapies may offer relief.
Diagnosis is made by putting a solution of medicines in your bladder and not urinating for 3 hours to allow it to treat the affected areas. This is not painful and if you have IC the pain and desire to go will leave within 15 minutes. If you are not better you do not have Interstitial Cystitis.